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教育部关于加强初中学业水平考试命题工作的意见
发布时间: 2018-11-22 17:31  来源:凯发app_凯发手机app下载【全网最佳】 教育部网站   撰稿:   浏览次数:
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教育部关于加强初中学业水平考试命 题 工 作 的 意 见

教基〔2019〕15号

GESHENG、ZIZHIQU、ZHIXIASHIJIAOYUTING(JIAOWEI),XINJIANGSHENGCHANJIANSHEBINGTUANJIAOYUJU:

  KAOSHIMINGTIDUIXUEXIAOJIAOYUJIAOXUEJUYOUZHONGYAOYINDAOZUOYONG,SHIJIANQUANLIDESHURENLUOSHIJIZHI、NIUZHUANBUKEXUEJIAOYUPINGJIADAOXIANGDEGUANJIANHUANJIE,DUIYUQUANMIANGUANCHEDANGDEJIAOYUFANGZHENHEFAZHANSUZHIJIAOYUJUYOUZHONGYAOYIYI。DANGQIAN,CHUZHONGXUEYESHUIPINGKAOSHIMINGTIGONGZUOHAICUNZAISHITIZHILIANGBUGOUGAO、GUANLIBUWANSHAN、BAOZHANGJIZHIBUJIANQUANDENGWENTI,JIDAIJIAYIJIEJUE。WEISHENRUGUANCHEQUANGUOJIAOYUDAHUIJINGSHEN,LUOSHI《ZHONGGONGZHONGYANG GUOWUYUANGUANYUSHENHUAJIAOYUJIAOXUEGAIGEQUANMIANTIGAOYIWUJIAOYUZHILIANGDEYIJIAN》YOUGUANYAOQIU,SHENHUAJICHUJIAOYUPINGJIAGAIGE,CUJINTIGAOYURENSHUIPING,XIANJIUJIAQIANGCHUZHONGXUEYESHUIPINGKAOSHIMINGTIGONGZUOTICHURUXIAYIJIAN。

一、坚持正确导向

凯发app  1.LUOSHILIDESHURENGENBENRENWU。KAOSHIMINGTIGONGZUOYAOJIANCHIZHENGQUEZHENGZHIFANGXIANG,LAOGUSHULI“SIGEYISHI”,JIANDING“SIGEZIXIN”,JIANJUEZUODAO“LIANGGEWEIHU”。ZHUZHONGJIAQIANGDUIXUESHENGLIXIANGXINNIAN、AIGUOZHUYI、PINDEXIUYANG、ZHISHIJIANSHI、FENDOUJINGSHEN、ZONGHESUZHIDENGFANGMIANDEKAOCHA,JIJIPEIYUHEJIANXINGSHEHUIZHUYIHEXINJIAZHIGUAN,HONGYANGZHONGHUAYOUXIUCHUANTONGWENHUA、GEMINGWENHUAHESHEHUIZHUYIXIANJINWENHUA,YINDAOXUESHENGSHULIZHENGQUEDEGUOJIAGUAN、MINZUGUAN、LISHIGUAN、WENHUAGUANHEZONGJIAOGUAN,CUJINXUESHENGDEZHITIMEILAOQUANMIANFAZHAN。

  2.YIJUKECHENGBIAOZHUNKEXUEMINGTI。GEDIYAOJIANGYIWUJIAOYUKECHENGSHEZHIFANGANSUOSHEDINGDECHUZONGHESHIJIANHUODONGWAIDEQUANBUKEMUNARUCHUZHONGXUEYESHUIPINGKAOSHIFANWEI,CUJINXUESHENGRENZHENXUEHAOMEIMENKECHENG,WANCHENGGUOJIAGUIDINGDEYIWUJIAOYUXUEYE。KAOSHIJUTIFANGSHIYOUSHENGJIJIAOYUXINGZHENGBUMENYIJUXUEKETEDIANQUEDING。QUXIAOCHUZHONGXUEYESHUIPINGKAOSHIDAGANG,YANGEYIJUYIWUJIAOYUKECHENGBIAOZHUNMINGTI,BUDECHAOBIAOMINGTI。

  3.FAHUIYINDAOJIAOYUJIAOXUEZUOYONG。KAOSHIMINGTIYAOZHUZHONGYINDAOXUEXIAOLUOSHIDEZHITIMEILAOQUANMIANPEIYANGDEJIAOYUTIXI,YINDAOJIAOSHIJIJITANSUOJIYUQINGJING、WENTIDAOXIANG、SHENDUSIWEI、GAODUCANYUDEJIAOYUJIAOXUEMOSHI,YINDAOXUESHENGZIZHU、HEZUO、TANJIUXUEXI,CHONGFENFAHUIKAOSHIDUITUIDONGJIAOYUJIAOXUEGAIGE、TIGAOXUESHENGZONGHESUZHI、CUJINXUESHENGQUANMIANJIANKANGCHENGZHANGDEZHONGYAODAOXIANGZUOYONG。

  二、提高命题质量

凯发app  4.TISHENGSHITIKEXUEHUASHUIPING。CHUZHONGXUEYESHUIPINGKAOSHIZHUYAOHENGLIANGXUESHENGDADAOGUOJIAGUIDINGXUEXIYAOQIUDECHENGDU,JIANGUXUESHENGBIYEHESHENGXUEXUYAO。SHENGJIJIAOYUXINGZHENGBUMENYAOJIEHESHIJI,DUIGEXUEKEKAOSHISHIZHANG、RONGLIANG、NANDUDENGTICHUGUIFANYAOQIU。SHITIMINGZHIJIYAOZHUZHONGKAOCHAJICHUZHISHI、JIBENJINENG,HAIYAOZHUZHONGKAOCHASIWEIGUOCHENG、CHUANGXINYISHIHEFENXIWENTI、JIEJUEWENTIDENENGLI。JIEHEBUTONGXUEKETEDIAN,HELISHEZHISHITIJIEGOU,JIANSHAOJIXIEJIYISHITIHEKEGUANXINGSHITIBILI,TIGAOTANJIUXING、KAIFANGXING、ZONGHEXINGSHITIBILI,JIJITANSUOKUAXUEKEMINGTI。TUOKUANSHITICAILIAOXUANZEFANWEI,FENGFUCAILIAOLEIXING,QUEBAOCAILIAODEQUANWEIXING,DUJUEZHENGZHIXINGHEKEXUEXINGCUOWU。CHONGFENKAOLVCHENGXIANGXUESHENGXUEXIHESHENGHUOSHIJI,ZENGQIANGQINGJINGCHUANGSHEDEZHENSHIXING、DIANXINGXINGHESHIQIEXING,TIGAOSHITIQINGJINGSHEJISHUIPING。GUIFANSHITIYUYANWENZI,FANGZHICHUXIANBIAOSHUCUOWUHEQIYI。KEGUANXINGSHITIYAOYOUQUEDINGDEDAAN。

凯发app  5.YANGEGUIFANMINGTICHENGXU。SHENGJIJIAOYUXINGZHENGBUMENYAODUIKAOSHIMINGTIGONGZUOCHENGXUTICHUGUIFANYAOQIU。MINGTIQIANYAOJIAQIANGMINGTIRENYUANPEIXUN,BINGYANMINGGONGZUOJILV,QIANDINGBAOMIZERENSHU,MINGQUEGEHUANJIEGANGWEIZERENJIZERENREN。XUEKEMINGTIZUYAOCHONGFENYANTAO、TONGYISIXIANG、MINGQUEMINGTIJIBENMUBIAO,YANGEANZHAOZHIZUODUOWEIXIMUBIAO、YANZHISHIJUANQINGYANG(BAOKUOBEIYONGSHIJUAN、CANKAODAANHUODAANSHILI、PINGFENBIAOZHUN)、SHIJUANXIAODUI、SHENHEQUEDING、QIANZIFUYINDENGLIUCHENG,RENZHENKAIZHANMINGTIGONGZUO。QIANGHUASHENTIGONGZUO,YANGEZHIXINGSHITIMINGZHIRENYUANHESHENHERENYUANFENLIZHIDU,RENZHENKAIZHANSHIJUANZHENGZHIXING、GONGPINGXING、KEXUEXING、JISHUXING、CHENGXUXINGSHENCHAHEXUEKEJIAOCHASHENCHA,QUEBAOMINGTIZHILIANG。SHIXINGDISHIMINGTIDEYINGYUKAOSHIHOUJIANGGEXUEKESHIJUANBAOSHENGJIJIAOYUXINGZHENGBUMENBEIAN。

  6.WANSHANKAOSHIYUEJUANGUANLI。SHENGJIJIAOYUXINGZHENGBUMENYAOJIANLIJIANQUANYUEJUANZHIDU,YOUSHENGJIHUODISHIJIJIAOYUXINGZHENGBUMENJUTIZUZHISHISHIYUEJUAN。YUANZESHANGYINGCHENGLIZONGHEYUEJUANZU、XUEKEYUEJUANZUHEZHIJIANZU,ZONGHEYUEJUANZUHEZHIJIANZUZHUYAOYOUYOUGUANXUEKEZHUANJIAGOUCHENG,XUEKEYUEJUANZUZHUYAOYOUCHUGAOZHONGJIAOSHIHEJIAOYANYUANGOUCHENG。ZONGHEYUEJUANZUFUZEZUZHISHIPING、MINGQUEPINGFENJUTIYAOQIU、KAIZHANYUEJUANRENYUANPEIXUN,XUEKEYUEJUANZUFUZEBENXUEKEYUEJUANPINGFEN,ZHIJIANZUFUZECHOUJIANYUEJUANZHILIANG。GEDIYAOJIANLIZHUGUANXINGSHITI“YITIDUOPING”ZHIDUHECHOUJIANFUHEZHIDU,QUEBAOYUEJUANZHILIANG。SHENGJIJIAOYUXINGZHENGBUMENYAOJIANLIYUEJUANCHOUCHAZHIDU,QIESHIJIAQIANGDUIDISHIYUEJUANGONGZUODEZHIDAOHEJIANDU。GULIYOUTIAOJIANDEDIFANGTANSUOSHIXINGDIANZIHUAYUEJUAN,BINGTIGAOXIANGGUANJISHUBAOZHANGNENGLI。YUEJUANJIESHUHOU,XUEKEYUEJUANZUYAORENZHENJINXINGZONGJIE,BINGDUIMINGTIQINGKUANGJINXINGFANKUI。

  7.KAIZHANMINGTIZHILIANGPINGGU。JIANLIKAOSHIMINGTIPINGGUZHIDU。JIAOYUBUANZHAOSHIDIANXIANXING、ZHUBUKUODA、YOUXUTUIJIN、QUEBAOZHILIANGDEYUANZE,FENQUYU、FENXUEKEKAIZHANKAOSHIMINGTIPINGGUGONGZUO,JINXINGDIANXINGSHITIANLIFENXI,KAIZHANMINGTIJINGYANKAIFAapp,FAHUISHIFANYINLINGZUOYONG。SHENGJIJIAOYUXINGZHENGBUMENYAOKAIZHANSHENGJIMINGTIZIPINGHUODUIDISHIMINGTIJINXINGPINGGU,RENZHENZONGJIEMINGTIJINGYAN,SHENRUFENXITUCHUWENTI,JISHIGAIJINMINGTIGONGZUO,BUDUANTIGAOMINGTISHUIPING。

  三、加强队伍建设

  8.YANGELINXUANMINGTIRENYUAN。GEDIYAOJIANLIMINGTIRENYUANLINXUANZHIDU,MINGQUELINXUANTIAOJIAN、CHENGXUHEBANFA,JIANSHEYIZHIZHENGZHILICHANGJIANDING、JIANXINGSUZHIJIAOYU、JIAOXUEJINGYANFENGFUDEGAOSUZHIZHUANYEHUAMINGTIDUIWU,JIANLIJIEGOUHELI、SHULIANGCHONGZUDEMINGTIRENYUANKU,BINGSHIXINGDONGTAIGUANLI。MINGTIRENYUANYINGYIXUEKEJIAOYANYUANHECHU、GAOZHONGJIAOSHIWEIZHU,KEYIXISHOUFUHETIAOJIANDEGAODENGXUEXIAO、KEYANJIGOUJIQITAXIANGGUANJIGOUDEZHUANYERENYUAN。MEINIANCANJIAMINGTIDERENYUANXUCONGMINGTIRENYUANKUZHONGXUANQU,MEIGEXUEKEMINGTIZUYUANZESHANGBUSHAOYU5REN(HANZHISHAO2MINGSHITISHENHERENYUAN)。ZAIKUMINGTIRENYUANBUDECANYUKAOSHIFUDAOCAILIAOBIANXIEHEXIAOWAIPEIXUNHUODONG。DANGNIANYOUZHIXIQINSHUCANJIACHUZHONGXUEYESHUIPINGKAOSHIDEZAIKUMINGTIRENYUAN,YINGHUIBIMINGTIGONGZUO。

  9.JIAQIANGMINGTIRENYUANPEIXUN。JIAOYUBUDINGQIZUZHIKAIZHANMINGTIGUGANSHIFANXINGPEIXUN,BINGYITUOZHISHUSHIFANDAXUEJIANLIXUEYESHUIPINGKAOSHIXUEKEMINGTIYANJIUYUPEIXUNJIDI。SHENGJIJIAOYUXINGZHENGBUMENDINGQIZUZHIMINGTIRENYUANQUANYUANPEIXUN,YOUTIAOJIANDEKEYITUOYOUGUANGAODENGXUEXIAOJIANLIXUEYESHUIPINGKAOSHIXUEKEMINGTIYANJIUYUPEIXUNJIDI。PEIXUNNEIRONGYINGBAOKUODANGDEJIAOYUFANGZHENZHENGCE、KECHENGBIAOZHUN、KAOSHIPINGJIALILUN、MINGTIJISHU、ANQUANBAOMIDENG。

  10.WANSHANMINGTIJILIJIZHI。GEDIYAOJINYIBUTIGAOMINGTIRENYUANDAIYU,CHONGFENDIAODONGYOUXIUJIAOSHI、JIAOYANRENYUANJIYOUGUANZHUANYERENYUANCANYUMINGTIGONGZUODEJIJIXING。SHIDANGTIGAOMINGTIRENYUANLAOWUFEIHEBAOMIFEIBIAOZHUN。DUICANJIAMINGTIDEJIAOSHI,XUEXIAOYINGANQIYUANKESHIJISUANJIAOXUEGONGZUOLIANG,XIANGSHOUXIANGYINGJIXIAOGONGZIDAIYU。GEDIGEXIAOZAIKAIZHANGANGWEIPINYONG、ZHICHENGJINSHENG、PINGYOUPINGXIAN、JIXIAOJIANGLIDENGGONGZUOSHI,YINGJIANGJIAOSHICANYUMINGTIGONGZUODEJINGLIHESHIJINARUKAOHEPINGJIA,BINGZAITONGDENGTIAOJIANXIAYOUXIANKAOLV。

  四、完善保障机制

  11.JIAQIANGZUZHILINGDAO。GEDIYAOJINYIBUQIANGHUASHENGJITONGCHOU,LUOSHICHUZHONGXUEYESHUIPINGKAOSHIMINGTIGUANLISHENGJIZHUTIZEREN,SHANGWEISHISHITONGYIMINGTIDESHENGFEN,YINGJIJICHUANGZAOTIAOJIANWENBUTUIJINSHENGJITONGYIMINGTI;SHENGJIJIAOYUXINGZHENGBUMENYAOQIANGHUADUIDISHIYUEJUANGONGZUOZHIDAO,TIGAODISHIYUEJUANGUANLISHUIPING;YAOMINGQUEXIANGGUANBUMENHEDANWEIDEMINGTIZUZHIHEKAOWUGUANLIZHIZE,XINGCHENGLINGDAOYOULI、ZERENQINGXI、FENGONGMINGQUE、GUIFANYOUXUDEKAOSHIMINGTIGUANLIJIZHI,BINGJIANLIJIANQUANMINGTIANQUANYINGJIYUANHECHUZHIJIZHI。

  12.JIANQUANTIAOJIANBAOZHANG。GEDIYAOJIADADUIKAOSHIMINGTIZUZHI、WEIDIANJIANSHEHEXINXIJISHUZHICHIDENGFANGMIANDETOURU,QUEBAOMINGTIGONGZUOSHUNLIKAIZHAN。YAOQIESHIJIAQIANGWEIDIANJIANSHE,YINGTONGGUODANDUJIANSHEWEIDIANHUOLIYONGXIANGDUIDULI、FUHEANQUANBAOMITIAOJIANDECHANGSUOSHEZHIWEIDIANDENGFANGSHI,QUEBAOMINGTIDANWEIYOUWENDINGWEIDIAN。YAOJIAQIANGWEIDIANWENHUASHENGHUOHEYILIAOSHESHIJIANSHE,BAOZHANGMINGTIRENYUANSHENXINJIANKANG。

  13.QIANGHUABAOMIGONGZUO。GEDIYAOQIESHILUOSHIMINGTIHEYUEJUANANQUANBAOMIGONGZUOZHIDU,MINGQUEXIANGGUANBUMENHEGONGZUORENYUANBAOMIZHIZE,ZHUJIQIANDINGANQUANBAOMIZERENSHU,QUEBAODAOGANGDAOREN、LUOSHIDAOWEI,GUANJIANHEZHONGDIANGANGWEIYAOYIGANGDUOKONG、RENJILIANFANG。MINGTIRENYUANRUWEIQIJIANSHIXINGFENGBIGUANLI,YANJINSUIYICHURUWEIDIAN,YANJINWEIGUISHIYONGTONGXUNGONGJU。YANJINWUGUANRENYUANJINRUWEIDIAN;QUEYINGONGZUOXUYAOJINRUWEIDIANDEXIANGGUANRENYUAN,YILVBUDEJIECHUSHITI、BUDEDANDUJIECHUMINGTIRENYUAN。DUIWEIFANANQUANBAOMIGUIDING,ZAOCHENGSHITIXIEMIDE,YAOYIFAYIGUIZHUIJIUZEREN、YANSUCHULI。    

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